Guidelines for creating user-friendly forms.
Don't rely on placeholders
Placeholders can be a useful way to indicate expected values, but:
- They aren't as prominent as labels
- They aren't visible when inputs have focus
Always use placeholders in addition to labels.
Correctly assign labels to inputs
It's not enough to visually associate a label with an input. You must add an
id to the input and the
for (in HTML) or
htmlFor (in JSX) attribute to the label:
<label htmlFor="email">Email</label><input type="text" id="email" />
This ensures that:
- Clicking the label will focus the field
- Screen readers can understand the form
Use checkboxes and radio buttons appropriately
Checkboxes and radio buttons appear similar, but they serve different purposes:
- Use checkboxes when the user should be able to select any combination of options
- Use radio buttons when the user should only be able to select one option
Show error states
If the user enters or submits an invalid value, show the input in an error state.
If it's not obvious why an error is occurring, show an error message beneath the input. To learn how to write effective error messages, see Errors & messaging.